Skin whitening is a skin care sphere that is spreading day by day and new skin whitening products are developed accordingly.
Each skin color has its beauty. In ancient times, skin whitening aimed for protection against harsh weather.
The introduction of the skin whitening process into the cosmetic field began in Europe, where Queen Elizabeth exerted much effort to appear whiter, paler, and almost transparent, known as the “Elizabethan ideal of beauty”, which has been spreading all over the world since then.
Nowadays, skin whitening products are not used only for cosmetic purposes but also for lightening the hyperpigmented areas such as melasma, moles, and birthmarks.
Skin whitening products are also used by vitiligo patients, applying them to their unaffected areas to get a more uniform skin tone.
The Role Of Melanin In Skin Whitening Process
Skin tone is mainly determined by the amount of melanin substance in the skin. Melanin is synthesized in the melanocytes “melanin-producing cells”, which are found in the basal layer of the skin. It’s formed from the amino acid L-tyrosine via the enzyme tyrosinase “melanin-producing enzyme”.
Melanin is then transported to the keratinocytes “skin cells” surrounding the melanocytes, expressing the tone of the skin. Solar UV rays penetrate the skin layers to reach the melanocytes, activating them to produce more melanin. That’s why different skin whitening products aim to destroy such a cycle.
4 Commonly Used Terms Related To Making Your Skin Lighter
There are different popular methods used for skin care such as skin brightening, lightening, whitening, and bleaching, what’s actually the difference? In fact, all over the web, these terms are often used for the same meaning but they are completely different.
- Skin Brightening – It’s all about making the skin look more fresh and smooth via exfoliating, removing the dull complexion caused by sun damage, pollution, and stress. Removing dead skin and older skin cells give the skin a more healthy glow, looking “bright”. Therefore, skin brightening products usually contain exfoliants + antioxidant + natural extracts to soothe and revitalize the skin.
- Skin Lightening – No skin is flawless. Our skin is continuously exposed to sun damage, acne scars, and aging, causing hyperpigmentation of some skin areas. Skin lightening products are used for fading out these dark spots to reach the normal color of the skin, giving it a more uniform tone. Skin lightening is used to lighten the skin color but it doesn’t go beyond the normal color of skin. To get the best results, skin lightening products usually contain brightening exfoliants, giving the skin a healthier look and color. “Melanin inhibiting substances + exfoliants”.
- Skin Whitening – This is a more intense skin lightening process, in which skin lightening goes beyond the normal color of the skin, causing dramatic skin whitening but to a limit. Skin whitening products usually contain a combination of melanin-inhibiting ingredients or higher concentrations of melanin inhibiting substances for the purpose of reaching high efficacy.
- Skin Bleaching – It’s all about “bleaching” the skin, stripping it of its natural color using harsh chemicals as bleaching agents. Such serious bleaching agents “bleach” the skin via destroying melanocytes in order to get several shades whiter. Skin bleaching products usually contain melanin blocking ingredients, killing melanocytes.
16 Popular Skin Whitening Product Types
The skin whitening industry has been tremendously growing in recent years, contributing to billions of US dollars in the global market. New skin whitening products are being introduced every day to the market, including:
- Skin whitening creams
- Skin whitening pills
- Skin whitening soaps
- Skin whitening serums
- Skin whitening lotions
- Skin whitening masks
- Skin whitening face washes
- Skin whitening oils
- Skin whitening body washes
- Skin whitening scrubs
- Skin whitening powders
- Skin whitening gels
- Skin whitening peels
- Skin whitening toners
- Skin whitening vitamins
- Skin whitening teas
They all are arranged according to the usage rate. As the range is pretty big far not all of them have gained equal popularity between people willing to whiten skin. The first ones are searched by hundreds of thousands of people yearly at the same time methods at the end of the list just a few hundreds of times per year.
Still, for understanding the overall industry of skin whitening we wanted to reveal you as many product types as possible. In the coming articles we will analyze all skin whitening product types so do not miss it!
6 The Most Popular Skin Whitening Product Groups At A Glance
As you know, various skin whitening products are being used all over the world. However, you should know the difference between each in order to choose the best product for your skin.
We have chosen the most popular product groups to give you a closer look at what exactly they are and what can be concluded from real customer reviews.
#1 Skin Whitening Creams
Skin whitening cream is considered the most commonly used product in the skin whitening industry. It consists of a mixture of oil and water, however, oil content is much higher than water content.
That’s why it is has a slow absorption rate and because of the high content of oil in such a product, it’s preferably used for dry skin and in harsh winters when the skin is damaged the most. Absorption of ingredients occurs through the epidermis of the skin in order to reach melanocytes in the basal layer, interfering with the melanin synthesis process.
Consumers’ reviews: They showed that skin whitening creams are of high efficacy with fast results within a couple of weeks or less. However, some skin whitening creams contain dangerous, harsh chemicals, causing permanent skin damage, liver damage, or even cancer.
#2 Skin Whitening Pills
For the sake of faster results, consumers shifted to skin whitening pills, instead of topical whitening products. Instead of slow procedures via topical products, systemic intake of whitening ingredients seems to be more effective and has a quicker whitening effect.
Such a method is highly efficient, which increases its popularity among customers, reaching the second most commonly used skin whitening product type. Pills should be taken for about 4 to 6 months daily in order to reach the desired results.
However, some of these pills contain harsh chemical ingredients, predisposing the human body to allergic reactions, cancers, stress, skin damage, or liver damage but research studies have discovered that glutathione caps are the safest among such pills, blocking melanin synthesis.
Glutathione is an antioxidant that improves the immune system and slows down the aging process as well as whitening the skin.
#3 Skin Whitening Soaps
Among several skin whitening products, soaps are considered a safe and effective way of skin whitening. Most skin whitening soaps contain exfoliants, removing dead skin and exposing the healthy skin layers, as well as skin whitening ingredients.
Using high-quality soap, according to the skin type, with the safest ingredients would help to whiten the skin after few washes, fading out dark spots and keeping the skin look smoother, younger, and lighter.
Consumers’ reviews: They showed that skin whitening soaps showed high efficacy but with slow results as after 3 weeks of use, there’s been hardly any change. Also, the results are temporary.
In addition, skin whitening soaps usually cause skin dryness and tingling. Moreover, some soaps may contain harmful ingredients, causing permanent hyperpigmentation, skin infections, or even cancer.
#4 Skin Whitening Serums
Skin whitening serums can be either oil-based or water-based products. Water-based serums are rapidly absorbed as they contain smaller molecules of the active ingredients that penetrate deeply into the skin, reaching the melanocytes and interfering with the melanin synthesis process.
That’s why they are applied after cleansing and before moisturizing in order to deliver high concentrations of active ingredients deep in the skin. However, oil-based serums are slowly absorbed so they are applied after moisturizing, having bigger molecules for a lasting effect the whole day.
Consumers’ reviews: They showed that skin whitening serums are of high potency, with fast results after only 7 days. However, some low-quality serums showed no change in skin color even after months of use.
Moreover, some serums may contain serious ingredients, causing permanent hyperpigmentation, rash, or allergic reactions.
#5 Skin Whitening Lotions
Skin whitening lotion also consists of a mixture of oil and water, however, the water content is much higher than oil content. That’s why it has a rapid absorption rate and because of the high content of water in such a product, it’s preferably used for oily skin and in summer, leaving no greasy residue on the skin.
The ingredients are rapidly absorbed through the epidermis, reaching the melanocytes in the basal layer, interfering with the melanin synthesis process.
Consumers’ reviews: They showed that skin whitening lotions are potent, with fast results after only 2 weeks. Some skin whitening lotions contain moisturizing ingredients as well as skin whitening ingredients, soothing the skin, and protecting it from sun exposure.
#6 Skin Whitening Masks
Applying a thin layer of skin whitening mask on the skin a couple of times a week would lighten the skin color, making the skin tone more uniform. In addition to skin whitening ingredients, antioxidants are added to guarantee a smooth, young-looking skin, fading out acne scars and age spots for an evener skin tone.
Consumers’ reviews: Unfortunately, skin whitening masks are not significantly effective, taking several months to lighten dark spots. In addition, this regimen takes more than 30 minutes of time to apply and leave on the skin so it’s not the appropriate product for busy women or men.
Each skin whitening product is different, having its own active ingredients and therefore, its own mechanism of action. Some of them have temporary effects, while others show permanent ones.
After discussing the differences between some skin whitening products, it’s concluded that skin whitening creams are the most efficient products, showing the best results in the shortest period of time.
In the end, it’s all about choosing the highest-quality skin whitening products with the safest ingredients in order to protect ourselves from the adverse effects of such chemicals.
We hope our post about skin whitening and top skin whitening products was useful for you.