Ten years ago, the famous film directors Martin Scorsese and Baz Luhrmann complained that it is increasingly harder to find about 35 years older actress who would have wrinkled face.
Now, you don’t have to be an actress, that botulinum toxin injection would become a regular beauty procedure.
A poison, syringe and muscle paralysis. It just sounds like a torture, but in fact, botulinum toxin injections are one of the last decade’s the safest and the most popular beauty procedures. It is enough with one or few very small stitches to get rid of wrinkles from your face for several months, and it gives a chance to look much younger than you are.
The sausage poison
None of the new treatment methods in the fight with the lines and wrinkles has not thrown from the pedestal the queen of beauty procedures – botulinum toxin injection. In 2010, Americans received five million botulinum toxin injections, which is for 12% more than in 2009, besides 337 thousand out of five million customers were men.
But the botulinum history is very countrified. The German doctor and poet Justinus Kerner called botulinum toxin a “sausage poison” or “oily poison” because the bacterium from which the poison is often derived can be found in meat products. In a small German town in 1793, 13 people were poisoned from eating a sausage. Six of them died, but later this disease was called botulism (in Latin botulus means “sausage”).
The Clostridium botulinum bacteria was identified in 1897, but only after many years – in 1949 – was revealed that botulinum toxin could interfere with the transmission of nerve impulses to the muscles. First of all, toxins were used in animal experiments, until in 1980 was officially accepted that it is a medicinal product used to treat strabismus and uncontrolled blinking.
About the fact that botulinum toxin can also be used to fight wrinkles in cosmetic purposes, for the first time wrote Californian plastic surgeon Richard Clark in 1989 at his study “Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery”.
A miracle cure at the stitch distance
Most often the botulinum injections are chosen by people at age from 35 to 55, when it is enough with few injections to gain back a couple of years. If the botulinum toxin is used for aesthetic purposes, it is injected into the muscle at the specific area where is necessary to smooth the skin.
This effect is most needed, to delete the so-called anger wrinkles in the forehead furrows between the eyebrows, surprise wrinkles at the forehead and “crow ’ s feet” at the outer corners of the eyes. At the procedure, which takes on average 10-15 minutes a doctor uses thin micro-needle to be able accurately to inject a botulinum toxin in a very small amount.
As the needle is very thin and only a very small amount of liquid is taken, the pains related to the injections are so small that there is no need for anesthesia. Averagely after 45 hours it is obvious that the skin has become firm at the areas of injections. If the injections were held at your forehead, then wrinkles will not appear there even if you will try to frown in anger. The natural ageing process is stopped for a period of three to eight months.
The efficiency of injections depends on both the doctor’s professionalism and the patient’ s ability to follow after injections’ directions. It is clearly known that after these injections, you should avoid the use of alcohol, too frequent walking to the bath house, and also facial massage reduces the effectiveness of the procedure in the first days after the injection.
As the botulinum toxin is a protein in nature, it is able to gradually disintegrate, by not leaving behind negative consequences at the human body. When the effect of injections is over, the wrinkles are recovering much slower, because the muscles are rested. By the data available for doctors there is no a restriction for the number of injections for a single person. There are people who have done it more than 30 times. So far, there is no evidence that the botulinum toxin would create an addiction.
Is it really safe? Yes!
In the September of 2005 in the journal of American dermatologist College was published a study, which by the reference to the US Food and Drug Administration data, reported about 28 deaths during the period from 1989 to 2003, which were caused by Botulinum toxin. Though none of them were associated with the toxin for cosmetic use.
In February 2012, the US Food and Drug Administration issued a warning about the serious side effects from Botulinum toxin injections, however, they refrained from prohibiting it. After all, these injections really consist of a natural poison that occurs at the blowing process, and it is 40 million times stronger than cyanide.
Then, there was distributed a statement that it is allowed to inject a botulinum toxin only six times during a life. Plastic surgeon says: “I’m not counting the times, they depend on the person. On its own manner, botulinum toxin is healing the muscle if it can be characterized by hyper movements, botulinum calms it down and it “forgets” that it has to move so actively.
And then the therapy can be combined – even to reduce wrinkles with the injections of hyaluronic acid. Thus, botulinum toxin injections, probably might not be needed to take more times. One ampoule contains five nanograms of botulinum toxin , or roughly a millionth part of toxin dose capable of killing a person. It has been scientifically proven that in the dosages like plastic surgeons work with it, toxin is not harmful.
Besides, any drug use in unreasonably high doses can cause serious health problems. Very small doses of Botulinum Toxin are injected in minimum volume. Area of its distribution is very small. If it is bigger then the possible side-effect is muscle rigidity affected by injection, and it lasts for only a couple of weeks. It just shows how important it is that the doctor’s injection would be accurate. That’s why you should choose to trust these injections only to the certified surgeon.
When Botulinum Toxin injections are not recommended
- at the period of the pregnancy and lactation;
- after the age of 65, because the loss of flexibility in the muscles increases the likelihood that the eyebrows or eyelids can fall down;
- if there is a inflammation at the preferred injection area;
- if you have high blood pressure;
- if you have a blood clotting disorder;
- people with mental-health problems.