They resemble large freckles, they are not harmful, and with quite peacefully coexist, but for cosmetic purposes you can also get rid of them.
Age or pigment spots (lentigo solaris) resulting from increased pigment cells in the skin. It considers that these spots are directly related to prolonged exposure to sunlight and other forms of ultraviolet radiation (such as tanning baths).
Although the pigment spots are harmless, sometimes they resemble malignant, so if some of your spots look suspicious, they should be checked to a dermatologist. Real age spots do not require treatment, but there are several ways to get rid of them.
Can Fade or Be Frozen
One of the options that traditional medicine offers to eliminate pigment spots, – the use of bleaching gels and creams. On average they contain hydroquinone, retinoids and azelaic acid, and to achieve a result, they must be used regularly. In addition, these preparations must be careful, because they can cause a number of unpleasant side effects, from mild irritation, skin exfoliation to even permanent loss of skin pigmentation. Hydroquinone is even linked to a risk of cancer.
Another method is to use cryotherapy. Usually, this method is used to remove warts, but also melanocytes – the skin cells that produce the pigment melanin – are vulnerable to freezing. Cryotherapy uses liquid nitrogen or liquefied gas mixture evaporation attracts the surrounding heat. This procedure should be done very cautiously, because improperly or ineptly executed, it can damage the skin and subcutaneous tissue and cause permanent pigment loss. It is also quite painful.
Other Options – Laser Therapy and Chemical Peeling
In order to eliminate pigment spots, are used special Q-Switch lasers which selectively acts on the dermal cells with increased pigment (melanin) content. Melanin absorbs laser waves and it is broken down into tiny fractions or microparticles. Then the body’s lymphatic system that removes particles from the body. Studies have shown that the best results in removing pigment spots can be achieved by using a double-frequency Q-switch Nd: YAG laser, having seen the least side effects. However, it is very important to be entrusted to the elimination of pigment spots by experienced physician or aesthetic dermatology specialist.
By contrast, with a superficial or medium chemical peeling effect can be achieved at the same tone enhancement, but also to smooth fine lines and restore the overall appearance of the skin. Superficial or moderate exposure to the chemical peeling is often used glycolic acid, salicylic acid and trichloroacetic acid. Simply put, these acids detach the superficial layer of skin and promotes the growth of new healthy skin. Chemical peeling effect and the effect is verified and convincing, particularly when used in conjunction with bleaching creams, but both before and after the procedure the skin must be protected from the sun. In addition, individual skin reactions or different circumstance in peeling can leave undesirable consequences, for example, can grow to form pores or scars, or join an infection.
Alternatives – Light Therapy
Although it is less effective than laser, intense pulsed light therapy (IPL) is a good and reliable tool for fighting pigmentation spots. Initially, it was used more for skin rejuvenation, but now in aesthetic dermatology with IPL therapy solves a great many problems, including hyperpigmentation. In one study involving 23 patients with age spots, they found that after just four procedures have been achieved a good and even excellent results, and without any side effects. Intense pulsed light therapy is recommended for an average of once a month or once a month and a half and repeated from one to five treatments.
Perhaps Acupuncture Will Help
In one controlled study involving 61 patients with temporary skin hyperpigmentation, which often tend to occur during pregnancy, but also may be associated with it, skin tone managed to improve with the help of acupuncture and Chinese folk medicine used in treatment plants. In addition to these patients orally taking vitamins C and E, as well as the deck of the skin bleaching powder as pigmentation on the face becomes brighter, but the use of topical vitamin E preparations can avoid the appearance of new spots and protect skin from the sun’s ultraviolet radiation. Oral that vitamin E is the best in conjunction with other skin-protective antioxidants such as vitamin C, selenium and beta carotene.