Acne Vulgaris – The Causes, Symptoms And Treatment


What Is Acne?

Acne vulgaris is the most common form of acne. In simple words, acne is the most common skin disorder on the planet, which brings unpleasant bumps and spots on the skin. The most affected areas by acne are forehead, nose, chin and back.

The most part of people (90%) suffers from acne in some period during their lives, somebody at the teenage years and somebody only at the adult ages.

The reason why acne appears sounds pretty simple as pores of our skin sometimes overproduce cells and becomes blocked with sebum (oil), which normally would dry out. As sebum cannot get out, it mixes with your dead skin cells and bacteria, and that is all acne vulgaris bacteria needs to grow. Of course, later it transforms into very noticeable signs on our faces in the form of pimples.

The stages of acne are different, starting with only a few pimples on the face and ending even with the stage where almost all face is covered in a rash. No wonder that people who suffer from the most severe type of acne is faced not only reduced self-esteem but even a depression.

Acne Forms

No matter that we will not describe them in detail, you can check out the most common types of acne below to get a better idea how they look.














Acne Statistics

Can you imagine that around 650 million of people around the world suffer from acne in different stages exactly at this moment? Of course, acne can appear at the adult ages, but it is the most common in teens.  If we compared by gender, then women suffer from acne more than men.

Few specific examples would make it clearer – there are around 60 million of Americans who live with acne, also in Australia around 5 million suffer from acne and more than 3 million of people in the UK. Do you think that all those millions act against acne? Not really, as studies show that around 40% of them are doing nothing. One-third is using drugs, one fifth is visiting acne care center, and one-tenth are seeing a physician. If done nothing, then around 20 millions of Americans will have to live with acne scars.

Statistics is even cruel as around 30% of people living with acne prevents themselves from participation in social events, and even more people admit that it influences their self-esteem.

Acne Vulgaris Causes


Nevertheless, there are still discussions about the real causes of acne, there are plenty of acne vulgaris causes mentioned in different sources, the most common are revealed below.

1. Hormones

As acne symptoms appear only after a certain level of hormones in the body are produced it definitely can be classified as a hormonal disease. After male hormone androgen level increases, it comes with the appearance of acne signs as well. Of course, it also affects women, especially at the period of menstrual cycles. At the period when a body changes there also is more sebum produced so there obvious is a larger chance that it can result in acne.

2. Diet

This cause is pretty unclear as there still are different views and there are not specific studies that would prove the effect of diet to acne appearance. One product that could give you more positive effect in fighting acne than negative is milk. It is not advised to eat much chocolate and salt.

3. Vitamin Deficiency

Another unproven cause that could influence the appearance of acne – the vitamin deficiency.

4. Stress (Psychological)

It looks that stress is something that might follow your acne already from its beginning. No matter that it can influence the appearance of acne it also follows you at the period when it already is developed. As you probably know, there are thousands of people who are depressed, stressed exactly because of acne.

If you do have a chance somehow to avoid stressful situations, definitely do that as higher stress level will affect your acne progress.

5. Genetic (Evolutionary Biology)

There is a pretty big possibility that you might get acne if your mother or father had it, so genetic factors also play a big role in developing acne.

6. Inflammation

Again, there are not definite proves does inflammation cause acne or is it just a part of acne development process, but still they often go together when we talk about acne.

Acne Vulgaris Symptoms

As you probably already checked out, acne forms mentioned above these also can be considered as the main and obvious signs of acne vulgaris. The photos added to every form of acne illustrates how exactly does it look on the skin.

Still, if we want to find out symptoms of acne, then probably low self-esteem, depression, dark spots on the skin and finally scars should be mentioned.

Acne Vulgaris Treatment

There are plenty of acne treatment options available. The most popular of them are:


As we will not describe each of the mentioned methods in detail we would like to emphasize that prescription medicine is one of the most effective acne treatment methods.


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